The new law has been endorsed by the president of UAE. The intention is to tighten the law focused on digital piracy. Now if you use a VPN service or a proxy server illegally, you will be fined or oven put into prison. Fine amount is between $136 000 - $545 000.
Previously the usage of VPN services was banned in the cases when threat actors covered up their digital tracks committing a felony. Nowadays the law is for all net users. Moreover, it may happen that the users of VoIP services may also be come under the cosh. In the county only some local platforms are allowed including Etislat and du.
As ZDNet notes, the new law can backfire on activity of foreign companies UAE.